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Setting the switch points of an electronic pressure switch for an application in the vacuum range is not a self-explanatory task. The following article therefore explains what should be taken into account with this particular setting. It involves a pressure switch with a hysteresis function. Instruments with this configuration are most regularly installed in industrial applications.
Electronic pressure switches, including the WIKA models PSD-4 and PSD-4-ECO or the A-1200 pressure sensor with IO-Link, operate as ?normally closed? or ?normally open?, depending on task. The following graphics illustrate both switching functions with the respective switch and reset points:
In principle, the next applies: The switch point (SP) is higher than the reset point (RP) and the beginning of measuring range (MRS) is definitely smaller compared to the end of measuring range (MRE). This rule could be easily understood with settings for ambient air pressures.
Example: Control of vacuum pressure pump
On the other hand, setting the switch points in the vacuum range and therefore, ultimately, the switching function, requires more attention. To illustrate this, let?s take the control of vacuum pressure pump, for example, which must maintain vacuum pressure between -0.7 bar and -0.5 bar. For the task described, we select a pressure switch with a measuring range of -1 ? 0 bar.
The start of measuring range (MRS) is therefore -1 bar, the finish of measuring range (MRE) 0 bar. This implies: At 0 bar (= start of operation) the switch should be closed, to be able to switch on the vacuum pump. If the pressure drops to -0.7 bar, the switch must open and prevent the pump. When the pressure reaches the upper limit value of -0.5 bar, the pump should once more start and run before pressure has again dropped to -0.7 bar.
ow must the switch points be set within this vacuum range? Let?s take both pictures and translate MRS and MRE:
Here it is clear that the ?normally open? function should be selected, otherwise the pump would not activate. After entering the switch points, the schematic is obtained, which ultimately shows how the pressure switch functions in accordance with the example:
Note
Information regarding WIKA? ไดอะแฟรม are available on the WIKA website. Would you like to buy pressure switches? In our WIKA online-shop you will discover a few of our standard designs. For those who have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
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