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Dual piston deadweight testers can greatly enhance a lab?s ability to calibrate wide pressure ranges with the highest accuracy. With transducers and devices under test (DUTs) that have a wide measuring range, calibration can be quite a lengthy process, as you must change pistons in between test points in order to calibrate its entire range.
However, a dual piston deadweight tester is equipped with a high range piston and low range piston, which allows the technician more flexibility and efficiency when it comes to calibration. This advancement comes from decades of innovation and customer interaction to locate a solution for industry needs.
Formula for pressure calculations
Since the Industrial Revolution, high accuracy pressure measurement has been a key requirement in process industries. Pressure measuring instruments like gauges were employed to measure and monitor pressure conditons. They need to be calibrated against instruments of an increased amount of accuracy. Deadweight testers (also referred to as pressure balances) are high accuracy instruments found in the calibration of electronic or mechanical pressure instruments. The core element of a deadweight tester is really a precisely manufactured piston-cylinder system, onto which a mass load is applied to be able to generate the individual test points in a calibration.
The mass load is proportional to the mark pressure, which is achieved through optimally graduated masses. The design of the complete calibration system, as well as the precise manufacturing of the piston and cylinder, ensure quality performance with long free-rotation time and low sink rates of the piston. With measurement uncertainties down to 0.002% of reading, deadweight testers will be the golden standard in calibration.
A deadweight tester typically consists of a single piston-cylinder system. This involves mass sets to be changed so that you can calibrate multiple or wide measuring ranges. This may become a cumbersome process, one that requires many resources. In 1953, the entity today known as DH-Budenberg pioneered the initial dual range piston-cylinder technology with two pistons housed concentrically in a single unit. DH-Budenberg was later acquired by WIKA in 2011. The first design included 1/8 in2 (low pressure) and 1/180 in2 (high pressure) pistons housed in a single unit. Utilizing a single mass-set it was now possible to create two points of equilibrium at 55 bar (low pressure) and 550 bar (ruthless) respectively. This was followed with the release of high pressure variant which could generate pressure upto 1100 bar.
Explanation dual piston design
The first dual piston design was largely constructed of tool roll, and had an accuracy of 0.03 % of the pressure being measured in the typical model and 0.05 % in the high pressure model. In ไดอะแฟรม , the strain on the reduced pressure piston is transferred to the auxiliary piston, which is directly linked to the weight carrier. When correct pressure is obtained, the piston head skirt floats within the reduced range or ?blue band.? To attain high pressure, the pressure is increased and the reduced pressure piston rises until a knife-edge on the bottom flange makes a seal against the low pressure cylinder and acts because the high pressure cylinder. Since the low pressure piston will not contribute to the entire weight of the piston and weight carrier, the weight carrier accumulates the auxiliary weight to pay. When correct pressure is achieved, the piston head skirt floats within the high range or ?red band.?
This iconic, patented DH-Budenberg red and blue band piston-cylinder system was re-engineered later with both piston and cylinder components manufactured from tungsten carbide. With the refinements in pressure generation and piston manufacturing processes, dual ranges are now available around 1,400 bar with accuracies right down to 0.006 % of reading.
These developments in dual piston technology made deadweight testers, such as for example DH-Budenberg?s CPB5800 Hydraulic Pressure Balance, the premier deadweight tester for industrial applications. It really is especially useful for calibrating a transducer with a broad measuring range, while maintaining the high accuracy for testing and calibration. With the use of just a single mass set and calibrating instrument, this technique can automatically switch between multiple test points of high and low pressure, making pressure calibration seamless, efficient and economical.
Note
More info on our pressure balances are available on the WIKA website.